Saturday, 7 May 2016

PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) -Everything you need to know about it

PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is one of the most common hormonal endocrine disorders in women. It is also known as Stein-Leventhal Syndrome. 1 out of
every 10 women is found to be affected with PCOS which makes it 10 in every 100 and the number seems to be in rise at present. Here is everything you need to know about it.

What is PCOS?


PCOS is an imbalance of the sex hormones testosterone, progesterone and androgens in the body. It is marked by the decrease in female sex hormones oestrogen and progesterone which results in the growth of cysts in the ovaries of a woman. 

What causes PCOS?

The causes behind PCOS are not known exactly but studies suggest it is linked with genetic factors. That means, if the disorder has been prevalent in the blood relatives of the subject then then she is susceptible to developing the condition.

Many people have misconceptions about obesity being an effect of PCOS but, doctors say, that is actually the other way round. Weight gain in women may result in an imbalance of hormones which results in PCOS. Though obesity is not always the case, very lean women are also seen to have the condition.

Insulin resistance in women is also another reason for developing PCOS. Insulin regulates the balance of glucose in blood. When you are resistant to insulin then there will be an uneven distribution of glucose in the blood which affects the ovary too leading to PCOS.

Women at what age are exposed to the risk of PCOS?

PCOS affects women in their reproductive ages mostly affecting in the child bearing period. That means women of age group 13-45 can develop PCOS.


How do I know if I have PCOS?

People suffering from PCOS show few or many of the following symptoms:
  • Irregular periods.
  • Very heavy periods or no period at all. 
  • Weight gain and trouble losing weight. 
  • Anxiety or depression.
  • Fertility problems.
  • Facing a problem in conceiving (infertility).
  • Acne and other skin problems. Hair fall and thinning of hair in the scalp.
 As PCOS is marked with the decrease in female hormones and a surge in the androgens, the following symptoms are also noticed:
  • Excess growth of facial hair and hairs in other body parts which is termed as Hirsutism.
  • Heavy voice.
So, if you notice any of the above symptoms and if you find your mother or grandmother or sister to have experienced or experiencing PCOS then you should immediately check for a doctor’s appointment.
To know about the complications, treatments and preventives measures for PCOS, Click Here - Know more about the ‘Silent Killer’.

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